GHG Europe

Technical Objectives

  • Provide for EU27 plus Switzerland standardized gridded fields of natural and anthropogenic drivers for the period 1900 to 2100 and identify "hot spots", "hot moments" and time spans of major changes by synoptic analysis of driver fields (WP1).
  • Extend observations to so far under-sampled ecosystems and regions with an expected high contribution to the European carbon balance: Eastern European forests, afforestation and deforestation (Task 2.5) and Mediterranean shrublands (Task 2.6).
  • Maintain a core network of long-term atmospheric CO2, N2O and CH4 concentration stations as observational backbone for verifying the European carbon budget by atmospheric top-down inversions (Task 5.3).
  • Build a consistent multi-source database containing drivers, observations, analytical tools and project results as interface between Work Packages and for the wider scientific community (WP3, WP7).
  • Ensure coherence in the quantification of uncertainty from observations through calculations to the final model output (WP7).
  • Quantify, at ecosystem scale, the vulnerability of C stocks and GHG fluxes to changing direct and indirect anthropogenic drivers and their interaction with climate variability in "hot spots" and "hot moments" via data synthesis and new targeted measurements (WP2, Task 3.1).
  • Quantify regional patterns of the main driving processes and of vertical and lateral C and GHG fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems in data-rich pilot regions across Europe: determine relevant processes, validate ecosystem and sectoral models and develop aggregation / disaggregation rules for error representation (Task 3.3).
  • Analyse for six regions in Europe, at high spatial resolution, the specific vulnerability of C pools and GHG budgets to region specific changes in land use, land management, nitrogen deposition and climate (Task 3.5).
  • Attribute, at European scale, the annual to decadal variability of the GHG budgets of managed European terrestrial ecosystems to human and natural driving processes via sensitivity analyses by land use sectors: forests, croplands and grasslands (WP4).
  • Quantify, at European scale, the annual to decadal variability of GHG budgets of European terrestrial ecosystems (cross sectoral) by a range of diagnostic to process based ecosystem models and verify the carbon budget by atmospheric inversions (WP5).
  • Build an operational model cluster for post-2012 assessments which is based on observations and validated models (WP6).

EU contract No. 244122


Project finished in September 2013  [more]

Imer D, Merbold L, Eugster W, Buchmann N (2013)  [more]

Luyssaert, S., G. Abril, et al. (2012)  [more]

Merbold L, Steinlin C, Hagedorn F (2013)   [more]

Mohn J, Steinlin C, Merbold L, Emmenegger L, Hagedorn F (2013)   [more]

Nabuurs G-J, Lindner M, Verkerk PJ, Gunia K, Deda P, Michalak R, Grassi G (2013)  [more]

Scott RL, Serrano-Ortiz P, Domingo F, Hamerlynck EP, Kowalski AS (2012)  [more]

Wolf S, Eugster W, Ammann C, Haeni M, Zielis S, Hiller R, Stieger J, Imer D, Merbold L, Buchmann N (2013)   [more]


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GHG-Europe at a glance

Fundingsource: EU (FP7)
EC-contribution: 6.6 Mio.€
Duration: 2010-2013
Consortium: 41 partners, 15 countries
Coordinator: A. Freibauer (TI)