GHG Europe

Progress towards Objective 1

Quantify the annual to decadal variability of CO2, N2O and CH4 budgets of terrestrial ecosystems in Europe.


A prerequisite for modelling GHG budgets is a consistent temporal and spatial domain coverage of critical drivers. The development of standardised gridded fields of natural and human drivers for EU27+ from about 1900 - 2010 and projections until 2050 or 2100 was therefore in the focus of the work performed for the first project period.

Standardised gridded fields for the EU-27 plus Switzerland are available at 0.25 ° resolution for the main climatic variables nitrogen deposition, land use and land use change and forest age class distribution. Agricultural management since 1960 and socio-economic driver maps are in progress.

A preliminary comparison of terrestrial carbon fluxes over Europe by top-down and bottom-up approaches has been performed. Preliminary analysis with 5 atmospheric inversions and 5 TEMs show the large difference in trends among the areas.


Accumulated terrestrial carbon fluxes in 5 regions over Europe.

EU contract No. 244122


Project finished in September 2013  [more]

Imer D, Merbold L, Eugster W, Buchmann N (2013)  [more]

Luyssaert, S., G. Abril, et al. (2012)  [more]

Merbold L, Steinlin C, Hagedorn F (2013)   [more]

Mohn J, Steinlin C, Merbold L, Emmenegger L, Hagedorn F (2013)   [more]

Nabuurs G-J, Lindner M, Verkerk PJ, Gunia K, Deda P, Michalak R, Grassi G (2013)  [more]

Scott RL, Serrano-Ortiz P, Domingo F, Hamerlynck EP, Kowalski AS (2012)  [more]

Wolf S, Eugster W, Ammann C, Haeni M, Zielis S, Hiller R, Stieger J, Imer D, Merbold L, Buchmann N (2013)   [more]


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GHG-Europe at a glance

Fundingsource: EU (FP7)
EC-contribution: 6.6 Mio.€
Duration: 2010-2013
Consortium: 41 partners, 15 countries
Coordinator: A. Freibauer (TI)